It can be distinguished from other maples by the larger leaves, milky sap of the petiole, and the horizontal wings of the fruits. It is often plantedas a shade tree. K.Koch) Bitternut hickory normally attains heights of 60'- 70' when growing on. The hard strong wood is used for furniture, flooring, millwork, railroad ties and veneer. The. Many animals browse the twigs and buds in winter and spring. (Morus rubra L.) Typically found in rich, moist alluvial soils and lower slopes. The wood is durable in contact with the soil and has been used for fenceposts. A southern species that reaches its northern limit in Pennsylvania. Also called Scrub pine, this small tree attains a height of 30'-40' on sandy or poor rocky soils of barrens and ridge-tops. Native Americans used the bark for constructing canoes, shelters and containers. Also called Shadbush and Shadblow, names refering to their blooming as the shad. It grows rapidly and is an important timber and shade tree. (Betula alleghaniensis Britt.) Common trees include sugar maple, black cherry, aspen, birch, hemlock, and ash. (Betula lenta L.): Also known as Black birch or Cherry birch, this tree normally attains heights of 50 to 60 feet and is found on a variety of sites from rich fertile lowlands to rocky ridges throughout the state. Oak trees are the most common trees in the forests of New York. Twigs are browsed by deer. Most common on sandy or gravelly soils of old fields and open woods in northern Pennsylvania, but it can be found throughout the state. You can contact the DCNR Bureau of Forestry at 717-787-2703. : Found on moist rich soils throughout the Commonwealth but more abundant in the north. (Quercus velutina Lam.) (Fraxinus nigra Marshall. )This tree is a medium sized tree,widespread in Pennsylvania except the Northwestern counties it is more common on poor, sandy soils and areas where forest fires have killed most other trees. It thrives best in fertile alluvial soil but also grows on dry slopes. (Acer saccharinum L.) Found in moist woods and on stream banks throughout Pennsylvania, usually reaching 50'-60' high. An important timber species typically reaching 50'-60' high but can be higher. The 2.2 million-acre state forest system, managed sustainably for current and future generations by the DCNR Bureau of Forestry, is the largest single landholding in the commonwealth. The U.S. Forest Service is the nation’s forest “census taker.” Its Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program provides a comprehensive inventory and analysis of the present and prospective conditions of forests and rangelands. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation & Natural Resources, Penn's Woods Sustaining Our Forests (PDF), Pennsylvania Forest FIA Report 2014 (PDF), Bureau of Facility Design and Construction, Conservation & Natural Resources Advisory Council. Deer, bear, and many other mammals and birds eat the acorns. It is found in cool ,moist areas in the forest. (Carya glabra (P.Mill.) Keystone State. Drooping dead lower branches persist on the tree for many years. (Aesculus species)Three species of the genus Aesculus are found in Penn's Woods, also called Yellow buckeye or Sweet buckeye Ohio Buckeye, are native to moist woods along streams in southwestern Pennsylvania. Deer browse it heavily when deep snow makes other food scarce. 1959. Cedar wax-wings and other song birds and game birds eat the fruits. Native PA Species TREES for Stormwater Management in Erie County. The Pennsylvania Forest FIA Report 2014 (PDF) is the most recent. (Juniperus virginiana L.) Common in abandoned farm fields The wood is used chiefly for fence posts and moth-proof chests. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Wild populations are limited to the southern half of the Commonwealth, but Redbud is successfully cultivated further north. This species grows over a wide range of conditions. A large tree, the tallest of the eastern hardwoods. Ailanthus can grow over 60' high but is often smaller. K.Koch) normally attains heights of 60'- 70' when growing on. Found locally in moist areas. While some oak trees flourish Pennsylvania is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world. Many animals browse the twigs and it is a favorite food of beaver. Includes botanical, habitat,pests, and disease information as well as commercial, native american and modern uses. The bureau accomplishes this by: For more details about how DCNR is conserving Penn’s Woods, reference the Bureau of Forestry’s strategic plan: Penn's Woods Sustaining Our Forests (PDF). (Amelanchier species) : Amelanchier arborea and A. laevis are small trees, typically under 40' high. Learn about the traits and characteristics of the Black Cherry tree, found in North America. (Carya cordiformis (Wang.) The hard reddish-brown wood is, (Prunus virginiana L.) A fast-growing but short-lived shrub or small tree, rarely exceeding 25'. The "white oak group" includes all oaks without bristle-tipped lobes and acorns that ripen in one season. Dix said that we have 130 varieties of colorful trees, some of … 10 native trees that make excellent landscape choices Trees shade the yard in summer, add oxygen to the air, and create beauty with their flowers and … No matter where you go in Pennsylvania, you are likely to encounter trees in some form. this query finds shakespeare hamlet "Hamlet" by Shakespeare qui. Also known as Soft maple because its wood is not as hard as Sugar maple, this is an excellent ornamental tree. Found in cool, moist woods throughout the Commonwealth, Eastern hemlock is the offical state tree of Pennsylvania. Wood used for a variety of products including boxes venetian blinds,sashes, doors, picture frames and furniture. The brilliant red autumn color and abundant blue fruit make this species. Wood used chiefly for fuel and fence posts. Wood of Ohio buckeye is light but resists splitting and has been used to, (Nyssa sylvatica Marshall) Also called Black tupelo, this is tree likes moist areas along streams. (Juglans nigra L.) A large-sized tree, found locally on rich soils mainly in the southern part of state. The wood is. An ounce – … (Quercus alba L.) A dominant forest tree on dry to moist sites throughout the Commonwealth usually reaching 80'-100' high. It is often planted as a street tree because of its beautiful form and ability to withstand the low oxygen content of urban soils. Pennsylvania is home to different types of oak trees, both cultivated and wild. Most common in the southeast and southcentral portions of the state it is rarer in the northern tier counties. Often escaping cultivation, it is now found in disturbed woods, roadsides, vacant lots and railroad banks across southern Pennsylvania. Songbirds and game birds, rabbits, squirrels and mice feed on the seeds. It is one of the most valuable timber trees, found in moist or dry woodlands throughout the state and often planted as an ornamental in large open areas. A relatively fast-growing tree to 75' high, one of the most common oaks on dry, upland sites. The acorn is an important wildlife food and eastern Native Americans made a flour from these acorns. (Pinus pungens Lamb.) Philadelphia and Pennsylvania tree species and lists of kinds of trees in our area. A yellow dye can be made from the bark. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through to see the original works with their full license. (Quercus rubra L.) A dominant forest tree throughout the state growing to 90' in moist to dry soils. Although the nuts are too bitter for human use, they are an important food for squirrels and chipmunks. A handy pocket manual of the common native and introduced trees of Pennsylvania.. [Joseph Simon Illick] … Some trees, like alder, only like to grow in wet soil, whereas maple grow in many types of soil. Weeping willow, (Salix babylonica L.), is a commonly cultivated species originally from China. Other trees, such as Black Locust, are very shade intolerant. Pennsylvania is one of the best states to see fall colors, according to Ed Dix, a state forester and fall foliage expert. Nut Bearing Trees of Pennsylvania The End By: Ryan Mowry Walnut Black walnut trees are mainly found in the souther part of Pennsylvania. (Cornus florida L.) Bark red-brown to reddish gray, broken by fissures into small blocks, like alligator hide. Young trees are heavily browsed by deer and rabbits; rodents consume the seeds. Only cone-bearing tree native to Pennsylvania that loses its needles annually. (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) A medium-sized tree to 45' high, found in open woods, floodplains, thickets and fencerows throughout the State. Distillation of the bark and twigs produces an oil sold as a substitute for wintergreen. Wood is durable in contact with the soil and in demand for posts, poles, railroad ties, and mine timbers. 70 percent -- or 12 million acres -- are privately held by approximately 750,000 landowners. 6 Common Serviceberry—Amelanchier arborea— BF, PC,SY, LG, S Also know as Shadbush, this deciduous small tree grows from 15-25 ft. and is often found on rocky bluffs and upper slopes. named because the nuts are large but with thick shells and very small kernels. Common trees include sugar maple, black cherry, aspen, birch, hemlock, and ash. Most of Pennsylvania’s forest lands fall into two types: The forests of Pennsylvania provide benefits to society while having diverse ownership patterns: DCNR's Bureau of Forestry is charged with conserving the forests and native wild plants of the commonwealth. A small native tree with low spreading crown, especially valued for ornamental planting. Sugar maple is an excellent ornamental tree for large open areas. The fruits are eaten by many birds, animals and people. Not usually used for lumber due to its small size, but it can display aggressive growth suited to protecting rocky slopes from erosion. (Hamamelis virginiana L.) A small tree or large shrub, to 25' high, tolerant of shade. In addition, at least 21 large native shrubs sometimes grow to tree size and form. The trees may not be giving us much in the way of fall foliage this autumn, but they are dropping an abundance of nuts in many parts of Pennsylvania. Deer, squirrels, porcupine and other. Beech is a handsome shade tree for large open areas in. Also has images of the trees for identification and links for further tree Common Trees of Pennsylvania Unknown Binding – January 1, 1959 See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions Your guide to mental fitness. Black willow wood is used in wickerwork and the bark contains medicinal compounds. Fungus often infects, (Quercus montana Willd.) These forests provide incalculable values and benefits to Pennsylvania citizens and beyond. Unfortunately, several. ): Sometimes called Swamp ash, this medium-sized tree likes cool swamps, wet woods and bottomlands throughout Pennsylvania. The heavy, hard, strong wood is used for furniture, boxes, and fuelwood. Sweet) reaches 50'-60' high growing on dry ridgetops and slopes throughout the southern half of the state. The Digital Public Library of America brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world. black cherry range Black cherry grows from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick west to Southern Quebec and Ontario into Michigan and eastern Minnesota; south to Iowa, extreme eastern Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas, then east to central Florida. Found in a variety of open habitats, thickets, roadsides and upland woods throughout. The wood is valuable for veneer and many other uses. The rapid growth of root sprouts makes it almost impossible to eradicate once established. The beechnuts are very important food for wildlife including bears, squirrels, turkeys, and grouse. It takes careful study of their twigs, buds, leaf scars and bark, and a … (Pinus sylvestris L.) This tree is tolerant of various soil and moisture conditions but intolerant of shade. Its wood has a high resin content, and is used for railroad ties, construction lumber, pulpwood and fuel. Oak trees are known to grow in different conditions, and each different species has its own variation, form, and distinguishing factors. Found in moist, rocky locations throughout the Commonwealth, occasionally ascending slopes to rather dry sites. Tree, Landscape & Hardscape Services Call for a Free Estimate! (Pinus rigida Mill. Common in the mountainous sections of the state, rare in the southeast and southwest corners. This tree is found in rocky and gravelly slopes and ridge tops in the southcentral and southeastern counties. Also called Basswood. A medicinal extract is distilled from the bark. Swingle) This tree is originally from China and was first planted in this country near Philadelphia by English settlers. They sequester carbon and clean our air. Ruffed. They provide critical habitat for plants and animals. They provide places for us to marvel in the scenic beauty of landscape and a wide range of recreational opportunities, such as: They grow some of the finest hardwood timber in the world, fueling a $20 billion wood products industry that directly employs 60,000 people. Pennsylvania is the only state in the nation named for its forests. It provides shade for seedlings of other tree species which follow it in succession and the fruits are food for many birds and small mammals. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at A medium to large sized tree to 75', of dry upland sites and many parks and streets. Look at leaves, twigs, buds and any flowers or fruits. Horticultural varieties with red or pink bracts have been developed. When the leaves have fallen, you can still identify trees. The seeds sprout best in open areas after cutting or fire and spread rapidly by sending up suckers from the roots. (Carya cordiformis (Wang.) This tree is very important to both wildlife and people. Ruffled grouse, wild turkey and songbirds find food (seeds) and shelter in this tree. Fermented sap can be used to make birch beer. Pennsylvania's climate, spread across USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 7, accommodates a wide range of flowering trees. Kevin Hart breaks it all down. (Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Managing the state forest system sustainably for a variety of ecological, economic, and recreational values, Protecting the forests of the commonwealth from damage from wildfire and destructive insects and diseases, Promoting forestry and the stewardship of the commonwealth’s forest resources, Protecting and managing native wild plants. (Pinus strobus L.) these are typically large trees. Widely planted for reforestation and horticulture, with occasional escapes from cultivation. (Castanea dentata (Marshall) Borkhaussen) Formerly the most common and arguably the most valuable tree in. Found on streambanks and in wet meadows throughout Pennsylvania, it is most common in the east and south. Birds and rodents eat the seeds. Common trees of Pennsylvania. The London planetree, P. x acerifolia Willd., with 2-4 fruits per stalk, is commonly planted as a shade tree in urban areas. The original "Penn's Woods" saw white pines reaching 150' and more. (Populus tremuloides Michx.) )This tree is a medium sized tree,widespread in Pennsylvania except the Northwestern counties it is more common on poor, sandy soils and areas where forest fires have killed most other trees. (Acer platanoides L.): Imported from northern Europe and extensively planted along city streets and in parks. Department of Forests and Waters, OCLC Number: 4481334 Notes: Cover title. Additionally, this evergreen tree was used by settlers in the region to build log cabins. Found in moist open woods and slopes mostly in the southern part of the state, it usually reaches 50'-75' high. (Acer rubrum L.): Found throughout Pennsylvania in a wide variety of habitats, typically reaching 50' high, it grows best in wet soils, sometimes over 100'. ): Also called Rock maple for its hard wood, this important timber tree is found on moist wooded slopes throughout Pennsylvania, Sugar maple wood is used for furniture, musical instruments and flooring and the sap is tapped for maple syrup production. Also called Buttonwood or American planetree, the wood is used for furniture, butcher blocks and flooring. Nees) A small to medium-sized tree, to 50' high, with crooked branches; often spreading by root suckers. (Populus grandidentata Michx. It was a principal wood used for distilling wood alcohol, acetate of lime, tar, and oils. [Harrisburg, 1952] (OCoLC)644076455 Document Type: Book All Authors / Contributors: Pennsylvania. Its distinctive white stripes make it, (Acer saccharum Marshall. It is valuable as cover for worn-out farmlands and is harvested for pulpwood. The wood is not as valuable as other oaks because in drying, it tends to warp and split. Ruffed grouse feed on buds and seeds, deer and rabbits browse the twigs. Far beneath the soil, they yield a home-grown energy source of natural gas. Protect clean air, clean water, and public health and conserve working farms, forests, and natural lands. Also called Rock oak and Basket oak this tree grows to 80' on dry slopes and ridgetops throughout Pennsylvania. (Salix nigra Marshall) The largest of our native willows, typically reaching 30' in height. Used in ornamental plantings. Many birds, squirrels. Whitetail deer browse the young growth. The forests of Pennsylvania provide benefits to society while having diverse ownership patterns: (Quercus coccinea Muenchh.) (Prunus pensylvanica L.f.) Also called pin cherry, this shrub or small tree reaches 40', the trunk usually short and branches forming a narrow flat-topped crown.

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