The governing Labour Party holds eight general electorates and all three Māori electorates; the opposing National Party holds thirteen general electorates; and ACT holds the remaining electorate (Epsom). [citation needed], Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities. Auckland, in New Zealand's North Island, is a multi-cultural hub of food and wine, music, art and culture. Auckland forms New Zealand's largest urban area. Smaller parks close to the city centre are Albert Park, Myers Park, Western Park and Victoria Park. [121] In terms of international flights, Auckland is the second-best connected city in Oceania. The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). [108] Numerous arterial roads also provide regional and sub-regional connectivity, with many of these roads (especially on the isthmus) previously used to operate Auckland's former tram network. [119] A number of proposed projects to further extend Auckland's rail network were included in the 2012 Auckland Plan, including the City Rail Link, the Auckland Airport Line, the Avondale-Southdown Line and rail to the North Shore. The capital was moved to the more centrally located Wellington in 1865. The growth occurred similarly to other mercantile-dominated cities, mainly around the port and with problems of overcrowding and pollution. [91], In the lead-up to 2010, a housing crisis began in Auckland with the market not being able to sustain the demand for affordable homes. [49] It is the only city in the world built on a basaltic volcanic field that is still active. Additionally, Auckland regularly hosts the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and Royal New Zealand Ballet. The city had two natural gas-fired power stations (the 380 MW Otahuhu B and the 175 MW Southdown), but both shut down in 2015. Hotels in Auckland area » [4] Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. When you have eliminated the JavaScript , whatever remains must be an empty page. [83], In 2014, the median personal income (for all persons older than 15 years of age, per year) in Auckland was estimated at NZ$41,860, behind only Wellington. [4] It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,717,500. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. In earlier times, portage paths crossed the narrowest sections of the isthmus. From 1989 to 2010, Auckland was governed by several city and district councils, with regional oversight by Auckland Regional Council. [56], Recent immigration from Asia has added to the religious diversity of the city, increasing the number of people affiliating with Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism, although there are no figures on religious attendance. Major markets include those held in Ōtara and Avondale on weekend mornings. The city is served by Auckland Airport, which handles around 2 million international passengers a month. An electric train of Auckland's metro rail system. [117] Following the opening of Britomart Transport Centre in 2003, major investment in Auckland's rail network occurred, involving station upgrades, rolling stock refurbishment and infrastructure improvements. Need a special Auckland Region map? Crop a region, add/remove features, change shape, different projections, adjust colors, even add your locations! [70] The Viaduct Basin, on the western edge of the CBD, hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup). Auckland comprises a diversity of architectural styles owing to its early beginnings as a settlement, to the Victorian era right through to the contemporary era of the late 20th century. Map of Auckland area hotels: Locate Auckland hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country. [4], The Auckland urban area lies within the Auckland Region, an administrative region that takes its name from the city. The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city. [28], The boundaries of Auckland are imprecisely defined. The city's varied cultural institutions—such as the Auckland War Memorial Museum, the Museum of Transport and Technology, and Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki—and national historic sites, festivals, performing arts, and sports activities are significant tourist attractions. Most major international corporations have an Auckland office; the most expensive office space is around lower Queen Street and the Viaduct Basin in the Auckland CBD, where many financial and business services are located, which make up a large percentage of the CBD economy. There are frequent services to Australia, and to other New Zealand destinations. The demolition of the older houses is being combated through increased heritage protection for older parts of the city. The Housing Accords and Special Housing Areas Act 2013 mandated that a minimum of 10 percent of new builds in certain housing areas be subsidised to make them affordable for buyers who had incomes on par with the national average. Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian denomination with 13.3 percent affiliating, followed by Anglicanism (9.1 percent) and Presbyterianism (7.4 percent). West Auckland is the western part of the metropolitan area of Auckland and also the Waitakere Range. View Larger Map Top Places. The Northern Busway runs alongside part of the Northern Motorway on the North Shore. [123] With public transport declining heavily during the second half of the 20th century (a trend mirrored in most Western countries such as the US),[124] and increased spending on roads and cars, New Zealand (and specifically Auckland) now has the second-highest vehicle ownership rate in the world, with around 578 vehicles per 1000 people. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. A number of arts events are held in Auckland, including the Auckland Festival, the Auckland Triennial, the New Zealand International Comedy Festival, and the New Zealand International Film Festival. In Auckland city itself, the main street is Queen Street, which ends in Queen Elizabeth Square at Customs Street. "I visited Orewa while staying … Auckland Region HD blank relief map Auckland Region printable HD outline map. [51], Many ethnic groups from all corners of the world have a presence in Auckland, making it by far the country's most cosmopolitan city. North Island (pdf, 1.5 MB) Northland (pdf, 302 KB) Waitematā (pdf, 1.1 MB) Auckland (pdf, 1.5 MB) Counties Manukau (pdf, 1.2 MB) Waikato (pdf, 1004 KB) Bay of Plenty (pdf, 679 KB) Taranaki (pdf, 475 KB) Lakes (pdf, 676 KB) Tairawhiti (pdf, 419 KB) Best Western Ellerslie International Motor Inn. [90] Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses. The 1998 electricity sector reforms required electricity companies to split their lines and supply business and sell one of them off. The Auckland Botanic Gardens are further south, in Manurewa. Auckland also has a total length of approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas. [citation needed] Tourist attractions and landmarks in Auckland include: Auckland Council maintains relationships with the following cities[134], This article is about the urban area. [131] Transpower spent $1.25 billion in the early 2010s reinforcing the supply into and across Auckland, including a 400 kV-capable transmission line from the Waikato River to Brownhill substation (operating initially at 220 kV), and 220 kV underground cables between Brownhill and Pakuranga, and between Pakuranga and Albany via the CBD. [27] Arterial roads and motorways became both defining and geographically dividing features of the urban landscape. [103], The city is home to some of the largest schools in terms of students in New Zealand, including Mt Albert Grammar School, the second largest school in New Zealand with a student population of 3035,[104] and Rangitoto College in the East Coast Bays area, the largest school in New Zealand with 3307 students as of March 2020. This is compared with $747,000 in Wellington metro, $604,000 in Hamilton, $508,000 in Christchurch, and $207,000 in the Buller District (the area with the lowest average house price in New Zealand). That means each of Auckland’s 1,413,700 residents has an average of 66.2 square meters – less than most large Zoo animals! One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) Natural Feature. In 2009 the Gallery was promised a gift[72] of fifteen works of art by New York art collectors and philanthropists Julian and Josie Robertson – including well-known paintings by Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Gauguin and Piet Mondrian. The State Highway network connects the different parts of Auckland, with State Highway 1 being the major north–south thoroughfare through the city (including both the Northern and Southern Motorways) and the main connection to the adjoining regions of Northland and Waikato. [6] The word Tāmaki itself generally meaning an omen.[7]. [16] Ngāti Whātua sought British protection from Ngāpuhi as well as a reciprocal relationship with the Crown and the Church. Waitake Ranges, Piha, Karekare Beach, & Bethells Beach.. About. [38] Snowfall is extremely rare: the most significant fall since the start of the 20th century was on 27 July 1939, when snow stuck to the clothes of people outdoors just before dawn and five centimetres (2 in) of snow reportedly lay on Mount Eden. The Mangere Bridge and the Upper Harbour Bridge span the upper reaches of the Manukau and Waitematā Harbours, respectively. Auckland (/ˈɔːklənd/ AWK-lənd; Māori: Tāmaki Makaurau) is a large metropolitan city in the North Island of New Zealand. [citation needed]. The plan aims to free up to 30 percent more land for housing and allows for greater intensification of the existing urban area, creating 422,000 new dwellings in the next 30 years. The administrative offices of the Government of the Pitcairn Islands is situated in Auckland. At that time, generally, a solemn stillness holds, and a perfect calm prevails...". 3-Day Private All-Inclusive Luxury North Island Tour of New Zealand - Multi-day Coach Tour - Auckland.Starting from $4400.00 per person.. Auckland is classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Beta + world city[80] because of its importance in commerce, the arts, and education. In October 2010, Manukau City mayor Len Brown was elected mayor of the amalgamated Auckland Council. The Central Motorway Junction, also called 'Spaghetti Junction' for its complexity, is the intersection between the two major motorways of Auckland (State Highway 1 and State Highway 16).[110]. [130] The 2006 Auckland Blackout interrupted supply to the CBD and many inner suburbs after an earth wire shackle at Transpower's Otahuhu substation broke and short-circuited the lines supplying the inner city. Data from July 2014 to April 2017, policedata.nz. © Jon Sparks / Alamy Stock Photo. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Auckland, Auckland. The resident population of all statistical areas (level 2; SA2) in Auckland Main Urban Area according to official estimates. This map provides ICB Conference delegates with key locations around Auckland. Soon after signing the Treaty, Te Kawau offered land on the Waitematā Harbour to the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, for his new capital, which Hobson named for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, then Viceroy of India. There are also three racecourses within the city - (Ellerslie and Avondale for thoroughbred racing, and Alexandra Park for harness racing). [111] For trips to the city centre at peak times the use of public transport is much higher, with more than half of trips undertaken by bus, train or ferry. Auckland Domain is one of the largest parks in the city, close to the Auckland CBD and having a good view of the Hauraki Gulf and Rangitoto Island. In the early 1860s, Auckland became a base against the Māori King Movement,[25] and the 12,000 Imperial soldiers stationed there led to a strong boost to local commerce. Prehistoric earthworks and historic fortifications are in several of these parks, including Maungawhau / Mount Eden, North Head and Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill. Legend changes on crime/area selection ... , Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Napier-Hastings, Rotorua, Palmerston North, New Plymouth, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Queenstown, Dunedin, Invercargill. Get your personal map homepage and much more for free.. Auckland hotel and flight reservations Book hotel in Auckland online and save money. [77] The Auckland Darts Masters was held annually at The Trusts Arena from 2015 to 2018. Manufacturing is the largest employer in the Henderson-Massey, Howick, Māngere-Ōtāhuhu, Ōtara-Papatoetoe, Manurewa and Papakura local board areas, retail trade is the largest employer in the Whau local board area, while professional, scientific and technical services are the largest employer in the remaining urban local board areas. Map of Auckland Central area hotels: Locate Auckland Central hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Between 1842 and 1865, Auckland was the capital city of New Zealand. Work began in late 2015 to provide more route flexibility and connect Britomart more directly to western suburbs on the Western Line via an underground rail tunnel known as the City Rail Link project. The total coastline of Auckland is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.[34]. Parnell is Auckland’s oldest neighbourhood, and looks very much like an old-time village. [75] Auckland hosted the America's Cup and Louis Vuitton Cup in 2000 and 2003, and is scheduled to host the 2021 America's Cup. [76] The NRL Auckland Nines was a rugby league nines preseason competition played at Eden Park from 2014 to 2017. Quay Street runs along the Waitemata Harbour front. A major overhaul of Auckland's bus services was implemented during 2016–18, significantly expanding the reach of "frequent" bus services: those that operate at least every 15 minutes during the day and early evening, every day of the week. [31] Auckland's metropolitan area is made up of over two hundred suburban areas. Centred on the Auckland metropolitan area, it also includes a large rural area, stretching as far north as the Wellsford district. The University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. [4], The Auckland urban area had a usual resident population of 1,346,091 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 122,343 people (10.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 212,484 people (18.7%) since the 2006 census. [51], Auckland's population is predominantly of European origin, though the proportion of those of Asian or other non-European origins has increased in recent decades due to immigration[53] and the removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race. Many pā (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. The Auckland Art Gallery is the largest stand-alone gallery in New Zealand with a collection of over 15,000 artworks, including prominent New Zealand and Pacific Island artists, as well as international painting, sculpture and print collections ranging in date from 1376 to the present day. [56], Around 48.5 percent of Aucklanders at the 2013 census affiliated with Christianity and 11.7 percent affiliated with non-Christian religions, while 37.8 percent of the population were irreligious and 3.8 percent objected to answering. Some of the cones and flows have been partly or completely quarried away. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 343, 60-74. According to the 1961 census data, Māori and Pacific Islanders comprised 5 percent of Auckland's population; Asians less than 1 percent. [58] There is also a small, long-established Jewish community. Several islands of the Hauraki Gulf are administered as part of the Auckland Region, though they are not part of the Auckland urban area. Auckland's volcanoes are fuelled entirely by basaltic magma, unlike the explosive subduction-driven volcanism in the central North Island, such as at Mount Ruapehu and Lake Taupo which are of tectonic origin. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world,[10] Auckland is recognised as one of the world's most liveable cities, ranked third in the 2019 Mercer Quality of Living Survey. However, after the Second World War the city's transport system and urban form became increasingly dominated by the motor vehicle. [116] Auckland is connected with other cities through bus services operated by InterCity. Auckland's ports are the second largest of the country, behind the Port of Tauranga,[120] and a large part of both inbound and outbound New Zealand commerce travels through them, mostly via the facilities northeast of Auckland CBD. Found this useful? Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. A light rail network is also planned. Auckland's port handled 31 percent of the country's container trade in 2015. Bus services in Auckland are mostly radial, with few cross-town routes. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. [69] The Waitematā Harbour has several swimming beaches, including Mission Bay and Kohimarama on the south side of the harbour, and Stanley Bay on the north side. The CBD covers 433 hectares in a triangular area,[31] and is bounded by the Auckland waterfront on the Waitematā Harbour[32] and the inner-city suburbs of Ponsonby, Newton and Parnell. [56][57] Auckland is home to over half (51.6 percent) of New Zealand's overseas born population, including 72 percent of the country's Pacific Island-born population, 64 percent of its Asian-born population, and 56 percent of its Middle Eastern and African born population. Other parks around the city are in Western Springs, which has a large park bordering the MOTAT museum and the Auckland Zoo. Freight usually arrives at or is distributed from the port via road, though the port facilities also have rail access. Auckland lies between the Hauraki Gulf to the east, then extending in Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, and the Waitākere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west. [118] The rail upgrade has included electrification of Auckland's rail network, with electric trains constructed by Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles commencing service in April 2014. [44] While maritime winds normally disperse the pollution relatively quickly it can sometimes become visible as smog, especially on calm winter days.[45]. This strong focus on Auckland has led the immigration services to award extra points towards immigration visa requirements for people intending to move to other parts of New Zealand. Auckland is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of music.[71]. State Highway 22 is a non-motorway rural arterial connecting Pukekohe to the Southern Motorway at Drury. The absolute maximum recorded temperature is 34.4 Â°C (93.9 Â°F) on 12 February 2009,[37] while the absolute minimum is −3.9 Â°C (25.0 Â°F), although there is also an unofficial low of −5.7 Â°C (21.7 Â°F) recorded at Riverhead Forest in June 1936. In the late 2000s, New Zealand's central government and parts of Auckland's society felt that this large number of councils, and the lack of strong regional government (with the Auckland Regional Council having only limited powers), were hindering Auckland's progress. As a result, the region had relatively low numbers of Māori when settlement by European New Zealanders began.[14][15]. The first area is South Auckland. Auckland's housing is amongst the least affordable in the world, based on comparing average house prices with average household income levels[86][87] and house prices have grown well above the rate of inflation in recent decades. However, even in 1840 Port Nicholson (later renamed Wellington) was seen as a better choice for an administrative capital because of its proximity to the South Island, and Wellington became the capital in 1865. Greyhound racing is held at Manukau Stadium. [citation needed]. [42], Auckland occasionally suffers from air pollution due to fine particle emissions. The central part of the urban area occupies a narrow isthmus between the Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea and the Waitematā Harbour on the Pacific Ocean. ", https://maoridictionary.co.nz/search?idiom=&phrase=&proverb=&loan=&histLoanWords=&keywords=T%C4%81maki, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/auckland-region, "Auckland among world's most expensive cities", "Best UK cities revealed in Mercer's quality of life rankings for 2019", "Cultural Values Assessment in Support of the Notices of Requirement for the Proposed City Rail Link Project", "The long lost diorama of Auckland which reveals the city of 1939", "Slide to war - The Treaty in practice | NZHistory, New Zealand history online", "The transport plan that changed Auckland - Greater Auckland", "Auckland Region – Driving the Economy: 1980s Onwards", "Auckland places - Auckland central business district", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "Overview of New Zealand Climate—Northern New Zealand", "Snow falls in Auckland for first time in decades", "Air pollutants – Carbon monoxide (CO)", "MetService Auckland historical averages", "Seven eruptions have covered Auckland in ash", "Age and sex by ethnic group (grouped total response), for census usually resident population counts, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (urban rural areas)", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "New Zealand – A Regional Profile – Auckland", "New Zealand's population is drifting north – Population mythbusters", "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity – data tables", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 (RC, TA) – NZ.Stat", "Auckland Hebrew Community ~ Introduction page", Quality of Living global city rankings 2009, "Passion for boating runs deep in Auckland", "Auckland joins UNESCO Creative Cities network", "Ports of Auckland Round the Bays (Official)", "Eden Park to host Final and semi-finals", "ITU World Championship Series Grand Final", "2013 Census QuickStats about work and unpaid activities", "Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey", "NZ house prices are among the most unaffordable in the world: survey", "Auckland's New York House Prices Prompt Lending Curbs: Mortgages", "Unitary Plan Key Topics: Historic Heritage and Special Character", Royal Commission of inquiry for Auckland welcomed, Minister Releases Report Of Royal Commission, "Directory of Schools – as at 1 February 2012", "Ministry of Education - Education Counts", Survey of English Language Providers – Year ended March 2006, English Language Schools in New Zealand – Auckland, "Map List | Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency", "The history of the Auckland Harbour Bridge", "Spaghetti junction stadium: Is motorway jungle best fit for Auckland? As a result, Power New Zealand and Counties Power companies sold off its retail businesses and retained their distribution businesses; Power New Zealand was subsequently renamed United Networks. Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two separate major bodies of water. [79] The largest commercial and industrial areas of the Auckland Region are Auckland CBD and the western parts of Manukau, mostly bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary. The Auckland Council is the local authority with jurisdiction over the city of Auckland, along with surrounding rural areas, parkland, and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. [112] Auckland still ranks quite low in its use of public transport, having only 46 public transport trips per capita per year,[112][113] while Wellington has almost twice this number at 91, and Sydney has 114 trips. Auckland is the major economic and financial centre of New Zealand.

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