Incisal (A) and labial (B) views of a four-unit fixed dental prosthesis with a loop connector. Changes in residual ridge, opposing occlusion and proximal space affect the success of the restoration. only to manage excessive (single/multiple) pontic space(s), but also to splint pathologically migrated teeth effectively.3 Loop connector is a non-rigid connector and consists of a loop on the lingual aspect of the prosthesis that connects adjacent retainers and/or pontic.9 The loop may Place a post into the hole and should be seated snugly in the shaft to ensure there is no movement towards the ridge. Design of multiple pontics – JPD 1981 (46) 634-636. The basal surface must demonstrate a convex shape similar to the ovate pontic design for dental floss – tight contact . FREE Shipping by Amazon. a) all pontics materials tested produced some change when they were in contact with the gingival tissue. Movable connectors are always designed so that the pontic cannot be depressed by occlusal forces. If mesiodistal width is reduced, metal pontic with porcelain or acrylic facing is advised. They have a wider scope and most commonly used and widely accepted. 28-8 In the presence of a diastema that is to be maintained, a loop connector may be indicated. Pontic may be connected to a retainer through a rigid connector such as a cast joint or soldered joint or a non-rigid connector such as key and keyway or as in telescopic retainer. Tissue contact should be made by the backing and not the facing backing junction. Class I : Loss of faciolingual ridge width,with normal apricocoronal height. its emergence from the ridge appears identical to that of a natural tooth. – Recontouring and ridge augmentation in case of large ridge defects. The movement in a nonrigid connector is enough to impede the transfer of stress from segment being loaded to the rest of the FPD. Fixed-fixed , cantilever and spring cantilever bridges have only major retainer(s). Ovate pontic-appears to emerge from gingiva like a natural tooth. (GPT8) Pontic: An artificial tooth on a fixed dental prosthesis that replaces a missing natural tooth, restores its function,and usually fills the space previously occupied by the clinical crown. – Blocks self-cleansing mechanism of tongue and cheeks. Loop or a spring type This slot and the proximal bevels provide retention. They do not have concave gingival surfaces. Ovate pontic was designed by Deeway and Lugsmith in 1933. – If space between gingival surface of pontic and ridge is less may lead to tissue proliferation. ( Log Out /  – When PFM retainers are used PFM pontics are selected. Connector: Joins the pontic to the retainer or two retainers together. The buccal and lingual shunting mechanism should correspond to the adjacent teeth. It must look as tooth-like as possible. However, space limitations may require overreduction of the preparation or overcontouring of the retainer to place the keyway within the retainer wall. [The retainer is an important appliance that unites the abutment teeth with the suspended portion of the bridge. Belorend introduced multiple fused pontics in 1981. Span: The length of the alveolar ridge between the natural teeth where the bridge will be placed. namely retainer, pontic and connectors Connectors are the components of partial fixed prosthesis or splint that join the individual retainers and pontics together. (The pins in the backing are fabricated according to the facing and not the vice versa). 2.Buccal and lingual surface follow a normal tooth form from cusp tip to height of contour and tapers from here to gingival surface. In such cases, a proper pontic cannot be placed and the design of the pontic should be compromised. Connectors may be fixed or movable. Can i know your references? The facing consists of a flat lingual surface with two retentive pins. Council of dental materials and devices 1975 stated that a reduction of surface area doesn’t significantly improve hygiene underneath the pontic – basal contour remains concave . 1.Should provide uniform veneer of porcelain of approximately 1.2mm. Tinker 1918 named it “Sanitary Dummy” pontic. Nonrigid connectors have been advocated for fixed partial dentures. Pontic serves to restore the mastication, speech to maintain tooth relationships, both interarch and intra arch, and also to satisfy patients esthetic and psychological needs by eliminating the space in dentition. Conventional bridges are named depending on the way the pontic (false teeth) is attached to the retainer. If the contact ‘is extended onto the alveolar mucosa, severe ulceration may be produced, All ceramic gingival masks made of pressed glass ceramics. Modified ridge lap pontics where tissue contact is strictly limited to the labial surface of the ridge. Pontips- dentist desiring glazed porcelain in contact with residual ridge. The facing is retained by a backing with a lug (elevation), which is designed to engage the retention slot The tissue contact should be a part of the backing (not the backing facing junction) to ensure a smooth finish. Its disadvantages include entrapment of food particles, which may lead to tongue habits that may annoy the patient. This means that they must be smooth and highly polished or glazed. It is important too that the embrasure spaces and connectors should be smooth and cleansable. During treatment planning, the diagnostic cast should be thoroughly examined. Local alveolar ridges defects masked with ceramic veneering materials placed on pontics of an anterior FPD. Cary P. et al in 1997 derived a simplified techniques for stabilization of the pontics. Occlusogingival thickness of pontics should be no less than 3mm and adequate space below it for cleansing. With time laps after extraction, the space available for the pontic may be compromised because of tooth migration adjacent to the edentulous space. Longevity of fixed partial denture and abutment rely on The saddle pontic has a concave fitting surface that overlaps the residual ridge buccolingually. To these facings, the gingival area is again built with porcelain and glazed for tissue tolerance. denture. They differ from Harmony facings (discussed later) in that the entire gingival portion of the facing is custom-made. In the maxillary teeth the buccal cusps provide aesthetics. Fixed-fixed , cantilever and spring cantilever bridges have only major retainer(s). 5. Facings are supplied with standardized metal backings with male plug which fits into female groove on lingual aspect of facing. Reseat the first retainer, reattach it to the pontic, section the other connector, and repeat the process. The longer the span, the greater the occlusal-gingival thickness of the pontic should be . In these types of bridges, the abutment teeth require preparation and reduction to support the prosthesis. Added bulk for the strength of connectors is increased. The connector consists of a loop on the lingual aspect of the prosthesis that connects adjacent retainers and/or pontics. Tissue contact is passive and extend no further lingually than the midline. complete denture an appliance replacing all the teeth of one jaw, as well as associated structures of the jaw. Gingival Coloured Ceramics, masks, prosthesis If augmentative measures are contraindicative or undesirable, small alveolar deficiencies and missing papillae can be reconstructed by restorative measures- all gingival ceramic masks. Alignment of abutment teeth and retention. Q83. It is more aesthetic; hence, it is indicated for anterior teeth. abutment, retainer, pontic, connector indications for fixed partial denture -replace missing teeth, prevent tooth drift/tilt, prevent super-eruption, maintain occlusal force distribution, adjacent teeth need crowns and it's cost effective over single implant, implant site isnt favorable, fixed is better than removable Usually, this is accomplished with rigid connectors.Connector is the maximum stress bearer component of fixed partial denture. They are not used while opposing natural dentition and resin tooth. For two things to be joined together there should be a medium for it. Criteria for choosing a suitable retainer includes: The principles guiding the design of the pontic are : All surfaces of the pontic especially the ridge surface, should be made as cleansable as possible. In such cases, abutment teeth are repositioned orthodontically or modification of abutment teeth with complete coverage retainers are done. The components of a bridge are retainers, pontics and connectors. In the conventional bridge, the pontic is joined to the retainer solely by means of a solder joint which forms the connector. What are types of minor connectors? This pontic is very easy to clean and maintain. Horizontal tubular slot in the facing runs from centre to lingual side. Get it as soon as Sat, Dec 5. and pontic, is usually recommended in such situation. Care should be taken to avoid contact with the metal porcelain junction with the tissues. for example a complete gold crown retainer with a metal-ceramic pontic. Stein R S 1966 , Cavazoz E 1968 : the convex basal surface , which rests on small area on alveolar ridge , fulfills the recommendations made in dental literature with regard to hygiene procedures and prevention of irritation of underlying soft tissues. They should also be as easy to clean as possible. Cannot be used in decreased occlusogingival height. They are supplied with an uncontoured porcelain gingival surface and usually with two retentive forms on lingual side. The material used and the degree of tissue contact affect the success of the restoration. Abutment: The tooth or implant that supports and retains a dental prosthesis. – Mechanical failure due to improper framework. Ridge lap pontic in which tissue surface is inaccessible to cleaning devices. The space created due to the loss of a tooth is usually sufficient for the fabrication of a good pontic. The design is based on the aesthetic, functional and hygienic requirements. Each part of the bridge should be designed individually, but within the context of the overall design. Castings are done in usual manner the pontics are either cast connected or soldered. Hygiene maintenance (flossing) is more important than the pontic design itself. 2. Its convex tissue surface resides in a soft tissue depression or hollow in the residual ridge. Porcelain is added to the gingival surface and contoured according to the ridge, finally glazed and finished. He justified that, the esthetics will not be compromised as in 90% of the cases, the mandibular cervical region is not visible. – Strong, easy to clean, good esthetics and biocompatible. 5 Exclusive techniques – RESIDUAL RIDGE RESORPTION. Nylon bristles are aligned to the drill holes and incorporated into the wax pattern of the backing (here the backing is fabricated according to the facing). In a loop connector fixed partial denture, the connector consists of a loop on the lingual aspect of the prosthesis that connects adjacent retainers and/or pontic. A major retainer for a conventional posterior bridge should not be less than an MOD inlay with full occlusal protection. This facing consists of a metal core over which porcelain is fused to closely resemble the contours of a natural tooth.

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