Romania is a picturesque and fascinating country with something for everyone, whether you’re looking for fantastic food, exhilarating hiking, cultural diversity, or turbulent history.It was no small task, but we’ve done you the favor of picking out 10 of the most beautiful Romanian cities and towns so that you can plan your trip with ease. Romania costs $1,667 per month to live and work remotely. The Romanian culture can be seen in many different kinds, like Romanian music, newspapers, churches, cultural organizations and groups, such as the Romanian-American Congress or the Round Table Society NFP. [134] Bishop Andrei Șaguna proposed the unification of the Romanians of the Habsburg Monarchy in a separate duchy, but the central government refused to change the internal borders. [252] Bucharest Metro, the only underground railway system, was opened in 1979 and measures 61.41 km (38.16 mi) with an average ridership in 2007 of 600,000 passengers during the workweek in the country. The time in Romania is now 12:47:17am Calling Romania from the United States explained: 011 - US exit code; dial first for international calls made from the USA or Canada [233], Following the experience of economic instability throughout the 1990s, and the implementation of a free travel agreement with the EU, a great number of Romanians emigrated to Western Europe and North America, with particularly large communities in Italy, Germany and Spain. [89] Royal charters wrote of the "Vlachs' land" in southern Transylvania in the early 13th century, indicating the existence of autonomous Romanian communities. [123][124], A census revealed that the Romanians were more numerous than any other ethnic group in Transylvania in 1733, but legislation continued to use contemptuous adjectives (such as "tolerated" and "admitted") when referring to them. The first fortified settlements appeared around 1800 BC, showing the militant character of Bronze Age societies. I am 21 years old and I'm a student at Danubius University. [12] In June–August 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and Second Vienna Award, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, and Northern Transylvania to Hungary. List of cities in Romania by population 2019 2020. On 1 March features mărțișor gifting, which is a tradition that females are gifted with a type of talisman that is given for good luck. The Romania national football team played its first match in 1922 and is one of only four national teams to have taken part in the first three FIFA World Cups, the other three being Brazil, France, and Belgium. [221], During the 2000s, Romania enjoyed one of the highest economic growth rates in Europe and has been referred at times as "the Tiger of Eastern Europe". An overwhelming majority of the population identify themselves as Christians. [337] In recent years, Romania has ranked the lowest or second-lowest in the European Union by research and development spending as a percentage of GDP, standing at roughly 0.5% in 2016 and 2017, substantially below the EU average of just over 2%. The Constitutional Court (Curtea Constituțională) is responsible for judging the compliance of laws and other state regulations with the constitution, which is the fundamental law of the country and can only be amended through a public referendum. [4], The Romanian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in full communion with other Orthodox churches, with a Patriarch as its leader. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. [87] Colonists from the Holy Roman Empire—the Transylvanian Saxons' ancestors—came to the province in the 1150s. The frigate the Regele Ferdinand participated in the 2011 military intervention in Libya. ", "Over 1.9 million tourists visit Romania, where do they come from – Romania Insider", "Victor Babeş, savantul român care a descoperit 50 de noi tipuri de microbi şi un vaccin împotriva turbării", "Nicolae Paulescu was a Romanian scientist who claimed to have been the first person to discover insuli, which he called pancreine", "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974", "Science in post-communist Romania: The future is not inviting", "R&D expenditure in the EU remained stable in 2016 at just over 2% of GDP", "Romania, last in the EU on R&D expenditure", "CERN welcomes Romania as its twenty-second Member State", "Romania loses voting right at European Space Agency due to unpaid debts", "Science fortunes of Balkan neighbours diverge", "ELI-NP | Extreme Light Infrastructure – Nuclear Physics", "VIDEO Romania's first satellite Goliat successfully launch from Kourou base in French Guyana – Top News", "Romania will own a part of the International Space Station and will contribute to the development of the latest European rocket, Ariane 6", "European effort spotlights plight of the Roma", "Roma dream of discrimination-free Romania ahead of Pope visit", Official site of the results of the 2002 Census, "German Population of Romania, 1930–1948", "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "Europe :: Romania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", MIGRATION AND ASYLUM IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE, "Romanian Translation | Romanian, Italian, English & French translations", "Iarna Ucraineană – Află care sunt localitățile din Maramureș în care se prăznuiesc sărbătorile de iarnă după rit vechi", "Two-thirds of working age adults in the EU28 in 2011 state they know a foreign language", "Roumanie – Organisation internationale de la Francophonie", "Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century", "European Court of Human Rights – Case of Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia", "Religious Belief and National Belonging in Central and Eastern Europe", "Urbanization of Romania: how urban population increased from 3.7 million in 1948 to 12 million in 1989", "Metropolitan Zone of Bucharest will be ready in 10 years", "Official site of Metropolitan Zone of Bucharest Project", "Galerie foto: Cum arată noul spital Colţea, după o investiţie de 90 de milioane de dolari", The Romanian Educational Policy in Transition, "Romanian Institute of Statistics Yearbook – Chapter 8", "Clasa pregătitoare, obligatorie din septembrie. [413] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. A journey of three of four hours, by car or train, can take you from the Danube River to a beautiful, intact, medieval town; from Bucharest - Romania's capital city - to the Black Sea; from Southern Transylvania to the historic regions of Bucovina or Maramures. [133] After special assemblies convoked in Moldavia and Wallachia urged the unification of the two principalities, the Great Powers did not prevent the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as their collective domnitor (or ruling prince) in January 1859. These would last until the 15th century. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Permafrost Monitoring and Prediction in Southern Carpathians, Romania", "Meteo Romania | Site-ul Administratiei Nationale de Meteorologie", "Se schimbă sistemul de vot. [256], Since December 1989, Romania has pursued a policy of strengthening relations with the West in general, more specifically with the United States and the European Union, albeit with limited relations involving the Russian Federation. The Romanian-American Chamber of Commerce is a bilateral trade and investment organization that promotes commerce and investment between Romania and United States, and is headquartered in Washington D.C. [117] The organization of the Transylvanian Military Frontier caused further disturbances, especially among the Székelys in 1764. In 2016, the Romanian diaspora was estimated to be over 3.6 million people, the fifth-highest emigrant population in the world.[234]. [143], The Transylvanian Romanians and Saxons wanted to maintain the separate status of Transylvania in the Habsburg Monarchy, but the Austro-Hungarian Compromise brought about the union of the province with Hungary in 1867. The only city in Romania that can compare with the beauty of Bucharest is Oradea. 7 Replies Chicago 5 months ago By Melissa_93 Global Nomad. [347], According to the 2011 census, Romania's population is 20,121,641. Meet people ... Meeting people in a new city. [338][339] The country joined the European Space Agency (ESA) in 2011,[340] and CERN in 2016. [418][419] The traditional Romanian dress that otherwise has largely fallen out of use during the 20th century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn on these festivities, especially in rural areas. Romania ranks 52nd in the Human Development Index,[13] and is a developing country[14][15] with a high-income economy. [289], Industrial output growth reached 6.5% year-on-year in February 2013, the highest in the Europe. In English, the name of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania. [416], There are 12 non-working public holidays, including the Great Union Day, celebrated on 1 December in commemoration of the 1918 union of Transylvania with Romania. [252][253], The justice system is independent of the other branches of government and is made up of a hierarchical system of courts with the High Court of Cassation and Justice being the supreme court of Romania. [173] After the territorial losses, the King was forced to abdicate in favour of his minor son, Michael I, on 6 September, and Romania was transformed into a national-legionary state under the leadership of General Ion Antonescu. [69] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. [203] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[204]. The counties of Romania as well … [258] Romania also declared its public support for Turkey, and Croatia joining the European Union. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. It is estimated that there are one million Romani people in the United States.Though the Romani population in the United States has largely assimilated into American society, the largest concentrations are in Southern California, the Pacific Northwest, Texas and the Northeast as well as in cities such as Chicago and St. Louis.. Cold and strained during the early post-war period, U.S. bilateral relations with Romania began to improve in the early 1960s with the signing of an agreement providing for partial settlement of American property claims. The market for professional football in Romania is roughly €740 million according to UEFA. [248] Precipitation is average, with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains, while around Bucharest it drops to approximately 570 mm (22 in). [353] In 2014, 31.2% of births were to unmarried women. [261] In May 2009, Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, declared that "Romania is one of the most trustworthy and respectable partners of the USA. [17] Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy based predominantly on services and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom. Like many of the cities in Romania, Bucharest is the charismatic historical center. [349] Hungarians constitute a majority in the counties of Harghita and Covasna. Romanian culture has merged with American culture, characterized by Romanian-born Americans adopting American culture or American-born people having strong Romanian heritage. [16] The two countries severed diplomatic ties after Romania declared war on the United States in 1941; and re-established them in 1947. And in doubles Horia Tecău won three Grand Slams and the ATP Finals final. The annual George Enescu Festival is held in Bucharest in honour of the 20th-century composer. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [36], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. [424], Pork, chicken, and beef are the preferred types of meat, but lamb and fish are also quite popular. [395] As of 2013[update], the emigration rate of doctors was 9%, higher than the European average of 2.5%. From Brasov castles to the villages around Sibiu, Romania is a countr [106] Reformation spread and four denominations—Calvinism, Lutheranism, Unitarianism, and Roman Catholicism—were officially acknowledged in 1568. [31][32] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. Around each corner is another stunning building or interesting story. In the club competition Romanian teams have won the EHF Champions League a total of three times, Steaua București won in 1968 as well as 1977 and Dinamo București won in 1965. [3] Like other countries in the region, its population is expected to decline gradually in the coming years as a result of sub-replacement fertility rates and negative net migration rate. [277] Each county is subdivided further into cities and communes, which have their own mayor and local council. [427] Țuică is a strong plum brandy reaching a 70% alcohol content which is the country's traditional alcoholic beverage, taking as much as 75% of the national crop (Romania is one of the largest plum producers in the world). Romania is divided into 41 counties (județe, pronounced judetse) and the municipality of Bucharest. Of these, 650,000 were in kindergarten (three-six years), 3.11 million in primary and secondary level, and 650,000 in tertiary level (universities). [258] A movement for unification of Romania and Moldova appeared in the early 1990s after both countries achieved emancipation from communist rule[263] but lost ground in the mid-1990s when a new Moldovan government pursued an agenda towards preserving a Moldovan republic independent of Romania. – Interviu", "EXCLUSIV | "Angelo Niculescu mi-a zis că nu mă bagă pentru că sunt maghiar şi Partidul crede că vând meciul. [341] In 2018, however, Romania lost its voting rights in the ESA due to a failure to pay €56.8 million in membership contributions to the agency. Brâncuși has a sculptural ensemble in Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was auctioned in 2005 for $27.5 million. [56][63] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [361] The Romanian alphabet contains the same 26 letters of the standard Latin alphabet, as well as five additional ones (namely ă,â,î,ț, and ș), totaling 31. [82] Cooperation between the Cumans and the Vlachs against the Byzantine Empire is well documented from the end of the 11th century. [270], Romania contributed troops to the international coalition in Afghanistan beginning in 2002,[271] with a peak deployment of 1,600 troops in 2010 (which was the 4th largest contribution according to the US). One of their prominent organizations was the United Rumanian Jews of America. [285] According to The World Bank, GDP per capita in purchasing power parity grew from $13,687 in 2007 to $28,206 in 2018. I am from Romania, to be more specific from a city named Galati, somewhere near Bucharest. [291] As of 2020, there are around 6000 exports per month. The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. This time, they settled mostly in California, Florida and New York and they came from throughout Romania. [288] Unemployment in Romania was at 4.3% in August 2018, which is low compared to other EU countries. [199] Nevertheless, anti-Communist resistance was one of the most long-lasting in the Eastern Bloc. [201], In 1965, Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power and started to conduct the country's foreign policy more independently from the Soviet Union. [242] Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country, from which to date 23 have been declared natural monuments, 74 extinct, 39 endangered, 171 vulnerable, and 1,253 rare. After the Second World War, the number of Romanians who migrated to the United States increased again. Foreign citizens and stateless persons who live in Romania have access to justice and education in their own language. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[374] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. [391] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. [16] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 69% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. [422], Romanian cuisine has been influenced by Austrian and German cuisine (especially in the historical regions that had been formerly administered by the Habsburg Monarchy), but also shares some similarities with other cuisines in the Balkan region such as the Greek, Bulgarian, or Serbian cuisine. Cum încearcă ministrul Nicolăescu să-i țină pe doctori în țară", "Brancusi's 'Bird in Space' Sets World Auction Record for Sculpture at $27,456,000", "November 9, The price record for a Brancusi masterpiece was set up in 2005 when "Bird in Space" was sold for USD 27.5 M", "Sounds Like Canada feat. [292], After a series of privatizations and reforms in the late 1990s and 2000s, government intervention in the Romanian economy is somewhat less than in other European economies. [219], After the end of the Cold War, Romania developed closer ties with Western Europe and the United States, eventually joining NATO in 2004, and hosting the 2008 summit in Bucharest. Persons Obtaining Lawful Permanent Resident Status by Leading Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) of Residence and Region and Country of Birth: Fiscal Year 2014", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2013 Supplemental Table 2", "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2", "target audience - Demographic Information", Romanian Tribune Newspaper – published in Chicago for the Americans of Romanian heritage, Heritage Organization of Romanian Americans In Minnesota, List of Romanian communities in the United States, In celebration of 125 years of U.S. Romanian Diplomatic Relations,, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [284] However, a recession following the global financial crisis of 2008–2009 forced the government to borrow externally, including an IMF €20 billion bailout program. [79] The first king of Hungary, Stephen I, who supported Western European missionaries, defeated the local chieftains and established Roman Catholic bishoprics (office of a bishop) in Transylvania and Banat in the early 11th century. [286] Romania's net average monthly wage increased to 666 euro as of 2020,[287] and an inflation rate of −1.1% in 2016. "Paula Seling despre rezultatul la Eurovision 2010: "Mai bine de atât nu se putea! [87][88] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. Other denominations include Protestantism (6.2%), Roman Catholicism (4.3%), and Greek Catholicism (0.8%). [326][327], In 2014, Romania had 32,500 companies active in the hotel and restaurant industry, with a total turnover of €2.6 billion. [382] Kindergarten is optional between three and six years. [91] Also in the 13th century, during one of its greatest periods of expansion, the Republic of Genoa started establishing many colonies and commercial and military ports on the Black Sea, in the current territory of Romania. The 1984 Summer Olympics was their most successful run, where they won 53 medals in total, 20 of them gold, ultimately placing 2nd to the hosts United States in the medal rankings. [328] More than 1.9 million foreign tourists visited Romania in 2014, 12% more than in 2013. [40][42] After Burebista was murdered in 44 BC, his empire collapsed. [335] Lazăr Edeleanu was the first chemist to synthesise amphetamine, and he also invented the procedure of separating valuable petroleum components with selective solvents. The account balance in 2012 was estimated to be 4.52% of GDP. – FC Petrolul Ploiești", "EL: Roma and Astra Giurgiu celebrate | Football Italia", "Viitorul confirmed as Romanian champions after row over rules", "Studiu IRES: Fotbalul, cel mai iubit sport in Romania; Simona Halep, locul patru in clasamentul celor mai mari sportivi romani ai tuturor timpurilor – Fotbal –", "Handball World Mourns the Loss of Icon, Friend & Teacher", "Neagu and Hansen named 2018 World Players of the Year | IHF". Romanian expatriates in the USA Join the Romanian expats network in the USA and expand your social network! [36] [125][126] The Uniate bishop, Inocențiu Micu-Klein who demanded recognition of the Romanians as the fourth privileged nation was forced into exile. [107] The Romanians' Orthodox faith remained only tolerated,[107] although they made up more than one-third of the population, according to 17th-century estimations. [56], Place names that are of Slavic origin abound in Romania, indicating that a significant Slavic-speaking population used to live in the territory. [312], There were almost 18.3 million connections to the Internet in June 2014. [119] The sultans lost confidence in the native princes and appointed Orthodox merchants from the Phanar district of Istanbul to rule Moldova and Wallachia. [18] The first known use of the appellation was attested to in the 16th century by Italian humanists travelling in Transylvania, Moldavia, and Wallachia.[19][20][21][22]. The legislative branch of the government, collectively known as the Parliament (residing at the Palace of the Parliament), consists of two chambers (Senate and Chamber of Deputies) whose members are elected every four years by simple plurality. [85][86] The Székelys—a community of free warriors—settled in central Transylvania around 1100 and moved to the easternmost regions around 1200. Notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th centuries include: Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti and especially George Enescu. [217][218], Nevertheless, there have been efforts to tackle corruption. [320] The popular summer attractions of Mamaia and other Black Sea Resorts attracted 1.3 million tourists in 2009. [235]:29 The United States established diplomatic relations with Romania in 1880, following Romania's independence. [181] After the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, about 132,000 Jews – mainly Hungarian-speaking – were deported to extermination camps from Northern Transylvania with the Hungarian authorities' support. [294] The economy is based predominantly on services, which account for 56.2% of the country's total GDP as of 2017, with industry and agriculture accounting for 30% and 4.4% respectively. Bran Castle, near Brașov, is one of the most famous attractions in Romania, drawing hundreds of thousands of tourists every year as it is often advertised as being Dracula's Castle. [27] Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975.

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